Morton Smith, MD

Morton Smith, MD

Professor Emeritus of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, Associate Dean Emeritus

Additional Titles

  • Lecturer, Pathology & Immunology


  • Bachelors of Science: University of Maryland (1956)
  • MD: University of Maryland School of Medicine (1960)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Ophthalmology


  • 1958 Scholarship, partial tuition, junior year of medical school, University of Maryland
  • 1959 Scholarship, full tuition, senior year of medical school, University of Maryland
  • 1959 Elected to Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society, University of Maryland
  • 1976 Washington University Founders Day Faculty Award for Excellence in Teaching
  • 1976, 1981 “Teacher of the Year,” Senior Class, Washington University School of Medicine
  • 1981 Honor Award, American Academy of Ophthalmology
  • 1984 Certificate of Appreciation for Excellence in Teaching, Lancaster Course in Ophthalmology
  • 1989 “Lecturer of the Year,” Sophomore Class, Washington University School of Medicine
  • 1992 “Professor of the Year,” Sophomore Class, Washington University School of Medicine
  • 1992 Senior Honor Award, American Academy of Ophthalmology
  • 1993 “Teacher of the Year,” Ophthalmology Residents, Washington University School of Medicine
  • 1996 “Outstanding Lecturer,” Resident Education, Department of Ophthalmology,
    University of Wisconsin
  • 1996 Voted one of “Best 100 Ophthalmologists in America,” Ophthalmology Times
  • 1999 Distinguished Service Award, Washington University School of Medicine
  • 2000 Distinguished Alumni Award, Washington University Eye Alumni, St. Louis, MO
  • 2001 “Outstanding Teacher,” Resident Education, Department of Ophthalmology,
    University of Wisconsin
  • 2002 “Outstanding Teacher,” Sophomore Class, Washington University School of Medicine
  • 2002 “Ophthalmology Teacher of the Year,” Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Washington University School of Medicine
  • 2003 “Outstanding Teacher,” Sophomore Class, Washington University School of Medicine
  • 2004, 2005 “Clinical Teacher of the Year,” Junior Class, Washington University School of Medicine
  • 2004, 2005 “Distinguished Service Teaching Award,” Sophomore Class, Washington University School of Medicine
  • 2006 “Sidney Pearl, MD, Award for Inspirational Teaching,” Senior Class, Washington University School of Medicine
  • 2006 Annual Alpha Omega Alpha Lecture
  • 2007 Honorary Grand Marshall, 2007 Commencement, Washington University in St. Louis
  • 2007 “ Clinical Teacher of the Year” Class of 2008 Washington University School of Medicine
  • 2009 Samuel R. Goldstein Leadership Award in Medical Student Education
  • 2011 Second Century Award, Washington University School of Medicine
  • 2012 “Clinical Teacher of the Year “ Junior Class, Washington University School of Medicine

Clinical Interests

Anatomic and Molecular Pathology – Ophthalmologic Pathology


Peer-reviewed Manuscripts

1. Smith ME. Retinal involvement in adult cytomegalic inclusion disease.
Arch Ophthalmol 1964; 72:44-49.
2. Gay AJ, Goldor H, Smith ME. Chorioretinal vascular occlusion with latex spheres.
Invest Ophthalmol 1964; 3:647-656.
3. Smith ME, Zimmerman LE. Intraocular erosion of circling polyethylene tubing and silicone plate. Arch Ophthalmol 1965; 73:618-620.
4. Smith ME, Zimmerman LE. Contussive angle recession in phacolytic glaucoma.
Arch Ophthalmol 1965; 74:799-804.
5. Smith ME, Zimmerman LE. Amyloidosis of the eyelid and conjunctiva.
Arch Ophthalmol 1966; 75:42-51.
6. Cotlier E, Fox J, Smith ME. Rubella virus in the cataractous lens of congenital rubella syndrome.
Am J Ophthamol 1966; 62:233-235.
7. Smith ME, Zimmerman LE, Harley RD. Ocular involvement in congenital cytomegalic inclusion disease. Arch Ophthalmol 1966; 76:696-699.
8. Berson E, Bigger JF, Smith ME. Malignant melanoma, retinal hole, and retinal detachment.
Arch Ophthalmol 1967; 77:223-225.
9. Milder B, Smith ME. Carcinoma of lacrimal sac. Am J Ophthalmol 1968; 65:782-784.
10. Smith ME, Zimmerman LE. Amyloid in corneal dystrophies. Differentiation of lattice from granular and macular dystrophies. Arch Ophthalmol 1968; 79:407-412.
11. Smith ME, Becker B, Podos S. Light-induced angle-closure glaucoma in the domestic fowl.
Invest Ophthalmol 1969; 8:213-221.
12. Smith ME, Sanders TE, Bresnick GH. Juvenile xanthogranuloma of the ciliary body in an adult.
Arch Ophthlamol 1969; 81:813-814.
13. Betten MG, Bilchik RC, Smith ME. Pigmentary retinopathy of myotonic dystrophy.
Am J Ophthalmol 1971; 72:720-723.
14. Feibel RM, Bigger JF, Smith ME. Intralenticular hemorrhage following iridectomy.
Arch Ophthalmol 1972; 87:36-38.
15. Bilchik RC, Zackai EH, Smith ME, Williams JD. Anomalies in patients with ring D chromosome. Am J Ophthalmol 1972; 73:83-89.
16. Smith ME, Finke EH. Critical point drying of soft biological material for the scanning electron microscope. Invest Ophthalmol 1972; 11:127-132.
17. Newman NM, Smith ME, Gay AJ. An unusual case of leukemia involving the eye: a clinicopathological study. Surv Ophthalmol 1972; 16:316-321.
18. Zappia RJ, Smith ME, Gay AJ. Prostatic carcinoma metastatic to optic nerve and choroid. Association with changes resembling papilledema. Arch Ophthalmol 1972; 87:642-645.
19. Green WR, Maumenee AE, Sanders TE, Smith ME. Sympathetic uveitis following evisceration. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1972; 76(3):625-644.
20. Buerk KM, Smith ME. Polymyalgia rheumatica. Lancet 1972; 2(7779):715-716.
21. Smith ME. A method for immediate gross sectioning of enucleated globes.
Am J Ophthalmol 1974; 77:413-414.
22. Smith ME, Glickman P. Diabetic vacuolation of the iris pigment epithelium.
Am J Ophthalmol 1975; 79:875-877.
23. Drews RC, Smith ME, Okun N. Scanning electron microscopy of intraocular lenses.
Ophthalmology 1978; 85:415-424.
24. Stamper RL, Smith ME, Aronson SB, Cavender JC, Cleasby GW, Fung WE, Becker B. The effect of calcium dobesilate on nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy: a controlled study.
Ophthalmology 1978; 85:594-606.
25. Singer PR, Krupin T, Smith ME, Becker B. Recurrent orbital and metastatic melanoma in a patient undergoing previous glaucoma surgery. Am J Ophthalmol 1979; 87:766-768.
26. Miller TR, Gomez-Moreiras JJ, Smith ME, Alderson PO, Siegel BA. The value of liver scintigraphy in choroidal melanoma. Arch Ophthalmol 1979; 97:1875-1876.
27. Albert DM, Wagoner MD, Smith ME. Are metastatic evaluations indicated before enucleation of ocular melanoma? Am J Ophthalmol 1980; 90:429-432.
28. Santa Cruz DJ, Prioleau PG, Smith ME. Hidradenoma papilliferum of the eyelid.
Arch Dermatol 1981; 117:55-56.
29. Gieser DK, Tanenbaum M, Smith ME, Kass MA, Christy NE, Friesen H, Otterlei O, Becker B. Amorphous coating in open-angle glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol 1981; 92:130-132.
30. Kass MA, Holmberg NT, Smith ME. Prostaglandin and thromboxane synthesis by microsomes of the inflamed rabbit ciliary body-iris. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1981; 20:442-449.
31. Palmberg P, Smith M, Waltman S, Krupin T, Singer P, Burgess D, Wendtlant T, Achtenberg J,
Cryer P, Santiago J, White N, Kilo C, Daughaday W. The natural history of retinopathy in insulin-dependent juvenile-onset diabetes. Ophthalmology 1981; 88:613-618.
32. March JL, Wise DM, Smith ME, Schwartz H. Lacrimal gland adenoid cystic carcinoma: intracranial and extracranial en bloc resection. Plast Reconstr Surg 1981; 68(4):577-585.
33. Taylor DA, Carrol JE, Smith ME, Johnson MO, Johnston GP, Brooke MH. Fascioscapulohumeral dystrophy associated with hearing loss and Coats’ syndrome. Ann Neurol 1982; 12:395-361.
34. Burde RM, Smith ME, Black JT. Retinal artery occlusion in the absence of a cherry red spot.
Surv Ophthalmol 1982; 27:181-186.
35. Rosenfeld SI, Smith ME. Benign cystic nevus of the conjunctiva.
Ophthalmology 1983; 90:1459-1461.
36. Rosenfeld RI, Smith ME. Ocular findings in incontinentia pigmenti.
Ophthalmology 1985; 92:543-546.
37. Escoffery RF, Bobrow JC, Smith ME. Exudative retinal detachment secondary to orbital and intraocular benign lymphoid hyperplasia. Retina 1985; 5:91-93.
38. Elner VM, Hidayat AA, Charles NC, Davitz MA, Smith ME, Burgess D, Dawson N. Neoplastic angioendotheliomatosis. A variant of malignant lyphoma. Immunohistochemical and ultrastructural observation of three cases. Ophthalmology 1986; 93:1237-1245.
39. Farber MG, Lamberg RL, Smith ME. A histologic study of eyelid pigment eight weeks after implantation (eyelid tattoo). Arch Ophthalmol 1986; 104:1434-1435.
40. Farber MG, Smith ME, Gans LA. Astrocytoma of the ciliary body.
Arch Ophthalmol 1987; 105:536-537.
41. Bickler-Bluth ME, Custer PL, Smith ME. Giant dermoid cyst of the orbit.
Arch Ophthalmol 1987; 105:1434-1435.
42. Kenneally CZ, Farber MG, Smith ME, Devineni R. In vitro melanoma cell growth after pre-enucleation radiation therapy. Arch Ophthalmol 1988; 106:223-224.
43. Bickler-Bluth ME, Custer PL, Smith ME. Neurilemoma as a presenting feature of neurofibromatosis. Arch Ophthalmol 1988; 106:665-667.
44. Shields SM, Stevens JL, Kass MA, Smith ME. Histopathologic findings after Nd:YAG transscleral cyclophotocoagulation. Am J Ophthalmol 1988; 106:100-101.
45. Sheren SB, Custer PL, Smith ME. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of the orbit associated with obstructive airway disease. Am J Ophthalmol 1989; 108:167-169.
46. Green ED, Morrison LK, Love PE, DeSchryver-Kecskemeti K, Waltman SR, Smith ME, Scott MG.
A structurally aberrant immunoglobulin paraprotein in a patient with multiple myeloma and cornea crystal deposits. Am J Med 1990; 88:304-311.
47. Lubniewski AJ, Holland EJ, VanMeter WS, Gussler D, Parelman J, Smith ME. Histologic study of eyes with transsclerally sutured posterior chamber intraocular lenses.
Am J Ophthalmol 1990; 110:237-243.
48. Peterson RJ, Smith ME, Pepose JS. Recurrent Acanthamoeba keratitis following penetrating keratoplasty. Arch Ophthalmol 1990; 108:1482-1483.
49. Reddy VM, Pepose JS, Lubniewski AJ, Gans LA, Smith ME. Concurrent chlamydial and Acanthamoeba keratoconjuntivitis. Am J Ophthalmol 1991; 112:466-468.
50. Pfeifer JD, Grand MG, Thomas MA, Berger AR, Lucarelli MJ, Smith ME. Endogenous Pseudoallescheria boydii endophthalmitis. Clinicopathologic findings in two cases.
Arch Ophthalmol 1991; 109:1714-1717.
[Published erratum of serious dosage error appears in Arch Ophthalmol 1992; 110:449.]
51. Bochow TW, Olk RJ, Knupp JA, Smith ME. Spontaneous reattachment of a total retinal detachment in an infant with microphthalmos and an optic nerve coloboma. Am J Ophthalmol 1991; 112:347-348.
52. Pepose JS, Laycock KA, Miller JK, Chansue E, Lenze EJ, Gans LA, Smith ME. Reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus by excimer laser photokeratectomy. Am J Ophthalmol 1992; 114:45-50.
53. Pesin SR, Thomas MA, Smith ME. Combined rhegmatogenous-traction retinal detachment following successful treatment of Candida chorioretinitis. Arch Ophthalmol 1992; 110:1051-1052.
54. Primack JD, Smith ME, Tychsen L. Retinal detachment in a child as the first sign of leukemic relapse: histopathology, MRI findings, treatment, and tumor-free follow up.
J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabis 1995; 32:253-256.
55. Valluri S, Chu FC, Smith ME. Ocular pathologic findings of chronic granulomatous disease of childhood. Am J Ophthalmol 1995; 120:120-123.
56. Lueder GT, Matsumoto B, Smith ME. Pathological case of the month. Synthetic fiber granuloma (‘teddy bear granuloma’). Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1996; 150:327-328.
57. Po SM, Custer PL, Smith ME. Bilateral lagophthamos. An unusual presentation of metastatic breast carcinoma. Arch Ophthalmol 1996; 114:1139-1141.
58. Pollack JS, Del Priore LV, Smith ME, Feiner MA, Kaplan JH. Postoperative abnormalities of the choriocapillaris in exudative age-related macular degeneration. Br J Ophthalmol 1996; 80:314-318.
59. Soltau JB, Smith ME, Custer PL. Merkel cell carcinoma. Am J Ophthalmol 1996; 121:331-332.
60. Goldberg MA, Lubniewski AJ, Williams JM, Smith ME, Pepose JS. Cystic hydrops and spontaneous perforation in Fuchs’ superficial marginal keratitis. Am J Ophthalmol 1996; 121:91-93.
61. Chuck RS, Olk RJ, Weil GJ, Akduman L, Benenson IL, Smith ME, Kaplan HJ. Surgical removal
of a subretinal proliferating cysticercus of Taeniaeformis crassiceps.
Arch Ophthalmol 1997; 1125:562-563.
62. Lueder GT, Brandt JM, Smith ME. Pathological case of the month. Retinoblastoma with invasion of the optic nerve. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1997; 151:1057-1058.
63. Pollack JS, Custer PL, Hart WM, Smith ME, Fitzpatrick MM. Ocular complications in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV. Arch Ophthalmol 1997; 115:416-419.
64. Dávila RM, Miranda MC, Smith ME. Role of cytopathology in the diagnosis of ocular malignancies. Acta Cytolog 1998; 42:362-366.
65. Lueder G, Matsumoto B, Smith ME, Gilbert-Barness E. Pathological Case of the Month.
Arch Fam Med 1998; 7:207-208.
66. Khwarg SI, Lucarelli MJ, Lemke BN, Smith ME, Albert DM. Ancient schwannoma of the orbit.
Arch Ophthalmol 1999; 117:262-264.
67. Liu X, Brandt CR, Gabelt BT, Bryar PJ, Smith ME, Kaufman PL. Herpes simplex virus mediated gene transfer to primate ocular tissues. Exp Eye Res 1999; 69:385-395.
68. Sabet SJ, Tarbet KJ, Lemke BN, Smith ME, Albert DM. Granular cell tumor of the lacrimal sac
and nasolacrimal duct: no invasive behavior with incomplete resection.
Ophthalmology 2000; 107:1992-1994.
69. Spencer B, Argarwala S, Miskulin M, Smith ME, Brandt C. Herpes simplex virus-mediated gene delivery to the rodent visual system. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2000; 41:1392-1401.
70. Sabet SJ, Tarbet KJ, Lemke BN, Smith ME, Albert DM. Subperiosteal hematoma of the orbit with osteoneogenesis. Arch Ophthalmol 2001; 119:301-303.
71. Kilby AE, Ip MS, Smith ME. Subluxated/Dislocated lens and Hyphema as features of retinoblastoma. Retina 2003; 83:872-874.
72. Knoch DW, Lucarelli MJ, Dortzbach RK, Smith ME. Limited Wegener granulomatosis with 40 years of follow-up. Arch Ophthalmol 2003; 121:1640-1642.
73. Faulkner-Jones BE, Foster WJ, Harbour JW, Smith ME, Dávila RM. Fine needle aspiration biopsy with adjunct immunohistochemistry in intraocular tumor management. Acta Cytol 2005; 49:207-308.
74. Hariprasad SM, Prasad A, Smith M, Shah GK, Grand MG, Shepherd JB, Wickens J, Apte RS, Liao RS, Van Gelder RN. Bilateral choroiditis from Prototheca wickerhamii algaemia.
Arch Ophthalmol 2005; 123:1138-1141.
75. Olsen TW, Feng X, Wabner K, Conston SR, Sierra DH, Folden DV, Smith ME, Cameron JD. Cannulation of the suprachoroidal space: a novel drug delivery methodology to the posterior segment. Am J Ophthalmol 2006; 142:777-787.
76. Mohadjer Y, Smith ME, Akduman L. Mucormycosis endophthalmitis after cataract surgery.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2007; 15:117-120.

Invited Publications

1. Smith ME. The differential diagnosis of unilateral exophthalmos.
Intl Ophthalmol Clin 1967; 7(4):911-933.
2. Enoch J, Newman M, Smith ME. A review of research in vision. IN Vision and Its Disorders. NINDB Monograph #4, USDHEW, 1967.
3. Zimmerman LE, Paul EV, Smith ME. Eyes and ocular adnexa.
IN Ackerman LV, Butcher HR. Surgical Pathology, 4th ed. St. Louis, Mosby, 1968, pp 1030-1118.
4. Smith ME. Advances in ophthalmic pathology. IN Becker B, Burde R (eds). Current Concepts in Ophthalmology. St. Louis, Mosby, 1969, pp 115-122.
5. Smith ME. Cancer of the eye. IN Ackerman LV, del Regato JA (eds).
Cancer: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis. St. Louis, Mosby, 1970, pp 956-977.
6. Sanders TE, Smith ME. Ophthalmic aspects. IN Cowdry EV, Steinberg FU (eds).
The Care of the Geriatric Patient. St. Louis, Mosby, 1971, pp 323-333.
7. Smith ME, Ott FT. Rubeosis iridis in angle-closure glaucoma.
Intl Ophthalmol Clin 1971; 11(3):161-170.
8. Smith ME. Opportunistic infections in ophthalmology. Perspectives in Ophthalmology 1971; 1:71.
9. Sanders TE, Smith ME. Biopsy of intraocular tumors: a reevaluation.
Intl Ophthalmol Clin 1971; 12(1):163-176.
10. Smith ME (Assistant Editor, Section on Ophthalmology). IN Bergsma D (ed).
Birth Defects: Atlas and Compendium. Baltimore, Published for the National Foundation-March of Dimes by Williams & Wilkins, 1973.
11. Podos SM, Kolker AE, Smith ME, Constant MA, Burde RM. Editorial. Achievements of
Dr. Bernard Becker. Invest Ophthalmol 1973; 12:474.
12. Smith ME. Eyes and ocular adnexa. IN Ackerman LV, Rosai J (eds).
Surgical Pathology, 5th ed. St. Louis, Mosby, 1974, pp 1306-1374.
13. Smith ME. Ophthalmic aspects. IN Steinberg FU (ed). Cowdry’s The Care of the Geriatric Patient. St. Louis, CV Mosby, 1976, pp 351-363.
14. Smith ME, Becker B. Ocular diabetes. Chapter for the Fogarty International Center of NIH, Vol 4. USDHEW, 1976.
15. Joist JH, Baker BK, Smith ME. Platelet function in diabetes mellitus.
IN Day JH, Holmsen H, Zucker MB (eds). Platelet Function Testing.
DHEW (NIH) Publ # 78-1078, 1978, p. 662.
16. Gado MH, Smith ME. Computerized tomography of the orbit.
Intl Ophthalmol Clin 1978; 18(1):151-166.
17. Smith ME. Degenerations and atrophies of the iris. IN Duane TD (ed). Clinical Ophthalmology. Hagerstown, Md, Harper & Row, 1978, vol 4, chap 65, pp 1-4.
(Revisions appear in 1981.)
18. Smith ME (Assistant Editor, Section on Ophthalmology). IN Bergsma D (ed).
Birth Defects: Atlas and Compendium. New York, Published for the National Foundation-March of Dimes by AR Liss, 1979
19. Smith ME. Retinal involvement in adult cytomegalic inclusion disease.
IN Albert DM, Puliafito CA (eds). Foundations in Ophthalmic Pathology. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1979, pp 188-193.
20. Smith ME. Lancaster Course Lectures in Ophthamic Pathology (chapters on Conjunctiva, Cornea, Trauma). Philadelphia, FA Davis, 1980.
21. Smith ME. Eyes and Ocular Adnexa. IN Rosai J (ed). Ackerman’s Surgical Pathology. St. Louis, Mosby, 1981, pp 1637-1702.
22. Milder B, Smith ME. Tumors of the lacrimal excretory system. IN Milder B, Weil BA (eds).
The Lacrimal System. Norwalk, Cn, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1983, pp 145-152.
23. Smith ME. Clinical and pathologic description of 17 cases of corneal intraepithelial neoplasia.
Am J Ophthalmol 1984; 98:383.
24. Smith ME. Editorial on the medical college admission test. IN Outlook. Magazine published by Washington University in St. Louis, 1984, Summer.
25. Smith ME. Ocular pathology. IN, Kissane JD (ed). Anderson’s Pathology, 8th edition.
St. Louis, Mosby, 1985; pp 955-984.
26. Tannenbaum M, Smith ME. Ophthalmological puzzle. Ophthalmology 1985; 92:47A.
27. Mannis JM, Smith ME. Case Studies in Ophthalmology for Medical Students. San Francisco, published by the American Academy of Ophthalmology, 1987.
28. Smith ME. Ocular pathology. IN, Kissane JD (ed). Anderson’s Pathology, 9th edition.
St. Louis, Mosby, 1985; pp 1047-1076.
29. Smith ME. Teaching ophthalmology to primary care physicians. Arch Ophthalmol 1995; 113:852.
30. Smith ME. Epibulbar choristomas and keloids. IN Mannis M, Macsai M (eds).
Eye and Skin Disease. Philadelphia, Lippincott-Raven, 1996.
31. Smith ME. Eye Pathology. IN Krachmer J (ed). The Requisites in Ophthalmology. St. Louis, Mosby, 2002.
32. Smith ME. A structured curriculum on ethics for ophthalmology residents is not valuable.
Arch Ophthalmol 2002; 120:965.